ARCHITECTURE VERNACULAIRE

CERAV

IN UZGE, ARE OGIVE-SHAPED HUTS

EARLIER IN DATE THAN PYRAMID-SHAPED HUTS?

Christian Lassure


version francaise

The claim that, within a given area, a type of hut form is of an earlier or a later date than another one, can only be substantiated if series of properly dated edifices are available. This is far from being the case with the lowly structures which are our current subject. As a matter of fact, there exists - to our knowledge - only one region in which such series can be found and be of some avail: the region of Uzès, Gard. About fifty huts bearing a date inscription are to be seen there (1).

If one looks at the huts with the shape of a full or truncated ogive and a vault topped by a slab bearing an engraved date, one finds that building dates are spread over a period ranging from 1791 to 1838, with a majority of dates between 1791 and 1838 (excluding the much later and isolated date of 1881).

Arpaillargues (Gard) : cabane en ogive ayant le millésime 1813 gravé sur la dalle fermant la voûte © HCU

Jols à Uzès (Gard) : cabane en forme d'ogive tronquée arborant le millésime 1804 en sous-face de la dalle fermant le voûte © Christian Lassure  Blauzac (Gard) : cabane en ogive arborant le millesime 1794 sur sa dalle de fermeture de la voûte © Jean Chabert

If one considers the pyramid-shaped huts (whether with curvilinear sides or not) whose roofing slab bears an engraved date, one witnesses a spate of dates spread over only two decades, from 1803 to 1824. However, if one takes into account two more pyramid-shaped huts, each with a date located in a different spot than the closing slab - ie a lintel (1784) in one case and entrance uprights (1738) in the other - a wider range emerges for the construction period involved (1738-1824).

Mas d'Arifon à Uzès (Gard) : pyramide aux quatre faces curvilignes, arborant le millésime 1784 sur le linteau d'entrée © Christian Lassure  Carrignargues à Uzès (Gard) : cabane "à Mossieur d'Amoreux", portant sur la dalle fermant la voûte l'inscription "FINI LE 3 octobre 1803" © Jean Laffitte

Jols à Uzès (Gard) : cabane pyramidale dont la dalle fermant la voûte porte le millésime 1811 © Christian Lassure  Uzès (Gard) : cabane au couvrement en pyramide tronquée aux faces curvilignes arborant le millésime 1821 sur la dalle de fermeture de la voûte © Christian Lassure

In other words, these statistics vindicate the claim that, far from the pyramid-shaped type having succeeded the ogive-shaped type (2), the two types existed concurrently throughout the great period of dry stone building in Uzège. There was no such thing as a move from the round to the square hut by virtue of some technical advance. The coexistence of the two forms may have resulted, instead, from their respective owners having different priorities with regard to cost and prestige. One should keep in mind the fact that round huts need no corners and consequently less building material. Conversely, square huts, with their right-angle quoins, testify to their owners' affluence.

NOTES

(1) See Christian Lassure and Christiane Chabert, Etude comparée des mouvements de construction de cabanes en pierre sèche dans les Pouilles (Italie) et dans l'Uzège (Gard, France) d'après les millésimes gravés, in Pierre sèche, La lettre du CERAV, N. 9, september 1997.

(2) As claimed, without proof, by the author of Le style architectural des capitelles du département du Gard , an article published in Bulletin de la Société d'étude des sciences naturelles de Nîmes et du Gard, t. 61, 1997, pages 94-105, esp. pages 97-98.


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CERAV
November 29th, 2002

To be referenced as:

Christian Lassure
In Uzge, are ogive-shaped huts earlier in date than pyramid-shaped huts?
http://www.pierreseche.com/round_or_square.htm
November 29th, 2002.

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